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Working principle of Clean Water Submerisble Pump

2023-10-16

The working principle of a Clean Water Submersible Pump involves using a hermetically sealed motor and pump unit that is designed to be fully submerged in water. These pumps are commonly used for pumping clean or relatively clear water from wells, boreholes, reservoirs, or other water sources. Here's how they work:

  1. Submersion: The pump is designed to be placed directly into the water source, such as a well or a reservoir. It is submerged, and the entire pump unit, including the motor, is surrounded by water.

  2. Hermetically Sealed Motor: The motor of the submersible pump is enclosed in a waterproof and airtight casing. This hermetically sealed design prevents water from entering the motor and damaging its electrical components.

  3. Impeller and Diffuser: Inside the pump casing, there is an impeller, which is a rotating component with curved blades. As the motor drives the impeller, it generates centrifugal force that propels the water towards the pump's outlet.

  4. Water Intake: The pump has one or more openings near the bottom that allow water to flow into the pump and reach the impeller. The intake is typically equipped with a strainer or filter to prevent debris from entering the pump and causing damage.

  5. Pressure Increase: As the impeller spins, it creates a low-pressure zone around itself. This low pressure draws water into the pump through the intake. The impeller then forces the water outward and upward, increasing its pressure.

  6. Diffuser Action: The pumped water passes through a series of diffuser rings surrounding the impeller. The diffusers help convert the kinetic energy generated by the impeller into pressure energy, further increasing the water's pressure.

  7. Discharge: Once the water has passed through the impeller and diffuser stages, it exits the pump through the discharge outlet. From there, it can be directed through pipes to its intended destination, such as a storage tank or a distribution system.

  8. Thermal Protection: Some modern submersible pumps are equipped with thermal protection to prevent overheating of the motor. If the motor temperature exceeds a safe threshold, the pump will automatically shut off until it cools down.

The main advantage of submersible pumps is their efficiency, as they push water directly rather than pulling it up through suction. This design makes them ideal for applications where a significant amount of water needs to be pumped from a deep source. However, it's important to note that these pumps are specifically designed for clean or relatively clear water, and using them for fluids with high solid content or corrosive substances may lead to damage and reduced efficiency.

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